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30129-13 Schematic ( PDF Datasheet ) - National Semiconductor

Teilenummer 30129-13
Beschreibung Geode GXLV Processor Series Low Power Integrated x86 Solutions
Hersteller National Semiconductor
Logo National Semiconductor Logo 




Gesamt 30 Seiten
30129-13 Datasheet, Funktion
April 2000
Geode™ GXLV Processor Series
Low Power Integrated x86 Solutions
General Description
The National Semiconductor® Geode™ GXLV processor
series is a new line of integrated processors specifically
designed to power information appliances for entertain-
ment, education, and business. Serving the needs of con-
sumers and business professionals alike, it is the perfect
solution for information appliance applications such as
thin clients, interactive set top boxes, and personal inter-
net access devices.
The GXLV processor series is divided into three main cat-
egories as defined by the core operating voltage. Avail-
able with core voltages of 2.2V, 2.5V, and 2.9V, it offers
extremely low typical power consumption (1.0W to 2.5W)
leading to longer battery life and enabling small form-fac-
tor, fanless designs. Each core voltage is offered in fre-
quencies that are enabled by specific system clock and
multiplier settings. This allows the user to select the
device(s) that best fit their power and performance
requirements. This flexibility makes the GXLV processor
series ideally suited for applications where power con-
sumption and performance (speed) are equally important.
Typical power consumption is defined as an average,
measured running Microsoft’s Windows at 80% Active Idle
(Suspend-on-Halt) with a display resolution of 800x600x8
bpp at 75 Hz.
Internal Block Diagram
SYSCLK
Clock Module
SYSCLK
multiplied by
A
Core
Clocks
X-Bus
Clocks
16 KB
Unified L1
Cache
(128)
X86 Compatible Core
Integer
TLB Unit
Instruction
Fetch
MMU
Load/Store
INT/NMI
Interrupt
Control
FP_Error
Floating Point
Unit
INTR
IRQ13
SMI#
C-Bus (64)
SUSP#
SUSPA#
Power
Management
Control
Core Suspend
Core Acknowledge
X-Bus Suspend
X-Bus Acknowledge
X-Bus (32)
Arbiter
Write Buffers
X-Bus Controller
Read Buffers
PCI Host
Arbiter Controller
2D Accelerator
VGA
BLT Engine
ROP Unit
X-Bus Clk ÷ B
Display Controller
Compression Buffer
Palette RAM
Timing Generator
3
REQ/GNT
Pairs
PCI Bus
4
SDRAM
Clocks
64-bit SDRAM
RGB
YUV
Video Companion Interface
National Semiconductor is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation.
Geode and WebPAD are trademarks of National Semiconductor Corporation.
For a complete listing of National Semiconductor trademarks, please visit www.national.com/trademarks.
© 2000 National Semiconductor® Corporation
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30129-13 Datasheet, Funktion
Table of Contents (Continued)
4.0 Integrated Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
4.1 INTEGRATED FUNCTIONS PROGRAMMING INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
4.1.1 Graphics Control Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
4.1.2 Control Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
4.1.3 Graphics Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
4.1.4 Scratchpad RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
4.1.4.1 Initialization of Scratchpad RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
4.1.4.2 Scratchpad RAM Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
4.1.4.3 BLT Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
4.1.5 Display Driver Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
4.1.6 CPU_READ/CPU_WRITE Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
4.2 INTERNAL BUS INTERFACE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
4.2.1 FPU Error Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
4.2.2 A20M Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
4.2.3 SMI Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
4.2.4 640 KB to 1 MB Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
4.2.5 Internal Bus Interface Unit Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
4.3 MEMORY CONTROLLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
4.3.7
Memory Array Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Memory Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
SDRAM Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
4.3.3.1 SDRAM Initialization Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Memory Controller Register Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Address Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
4.3.5.1 High Order Interleaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
4.3.5.2 Auto Low Order Interleaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
4.3.5.3 Physical Address to DRAM Address Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Memory Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
SDRAM Interface Clocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
4.4 GRAPHICS PIPELINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.4.6
BitBLT/Vector Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Master/Slave Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Pattern Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
4.4.3.1 Monochrome Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
4.4.3.2 Dither Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
4.4.3.3 Color Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Source Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Raster Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Graphics Pipeline Register Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
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30129-13 pdf, datenblatt
Architecture Overview (Continued)
1.6 INTEGRATED FUNCTIONS
The GXLV processor integrates the following functions tra-
ditionally implemented using external devices:
• High-performance 2D graphics accelerator
• Separate CRT and TFT control from the display
controller
• SDRAM memory controller
• PCI bridge
The processor has also been enhanced to support VSA
technology implementation.
The GXLV processor implements a Unified Memory Archi-
tecture (UMA). By using DCT (Display Compression Tech-
nology) architecture, the performance degradation
inherent in traditional UMA systems is eliminated.
1.6.1 Graphics Accelerator
The graphics accelerator is a full-featured GUI accelera-
tor. The graphics pipeline implements a bitBLT engine for
frame buffer bitBLTs and rectangular fills. Additional
instructions in the integer unit may be processed, as the
bitBLT engine assists the CPU in the bitBLT operations
that take place between system memory and the frame
buffer. This combination of hardware and software is used
by the display driver to provide very fast bidirectional
transfers between system memory and the frame buffer.
The bitBLT engine also draws randomly oriented vectors,
and scanlines for polygon fill. All of the pipeline operations
described in the following list can be applied to any bitBLT
operation.
Pattern Memory: Render with 8x8 dither, 8x8 mono-
chrome, or 8x1 color pattern.
Color Expansion: Expand monochrome bitmaps to
full depth 8- or 16-bit colors.
Transparency: Suppresses drawing of background
pixels for transparent text.
Raster Operations: Boolean operation combines
source, destination, and pattern bitmaps.
1.6.2 Display Controller
The display port is a direct interface to the Geode I/O
companion (i.e., CS5530, part number 25420-03) which
drives a TFT flat panel display, LCD panel, or a CRT dis-
play.
The display controller (video generator) retrieves image
data from the frame buffer, performs a color-look-up if
required, inserts the cursor overlay into the pixel stream,
generates display timing, and formats the pixel data for
output to a variety of display devices. The display control-
ler contains DCT architecture that allows the GXLV pro-
cessor to refresh the display from a compressed copy of
the frame buffer. DCT architecture typically decreases the
screen refresh bandwidth requirement by a factor of 15 to
20, minimizing bandwidth contention.
1.6.3 XpressRAM Memory Subsystem
The memory controller drives a 64-bit SDRAM port
directly. The SDRAM memory array contains both the
main system memory and the graphics frame buffer. Up to
four module banks of SDRAM are supported. Each mod-
ule bank can have two or four component banks depend-
ing on the memory size and organization. The maximum
configuration is four module banks with four component
banks, each providing a total of 16 open banks. The maxi-
mum memory size is 256 MB.
The memory controller handles multiple requests for
memory data from the GXLV processor, the graphics
accelerator and the display controller. The memory con-
troller contains extensive buffering logic that helps mini-
mize contention for memory bandwidth between graphics
and CPU requests. The memory controller cooperates
with the internal bus controller to determine the cacheabil-
ity of all memory references.
1.6.4 PCI Controller
The GXLV processor incorporates a full-function PCI
interface module that includes the PCI arbiter. All
accesses to external I/O devices are sent over the PCI
bus, although most memory accesses are serviced by the
SDRAM controller. The internal bus interface unit contains
address mapping logic that determines if memory
accesses are targeted for the SDRAM or for the PCI bus.
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