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89C55 Schematic ( Datenblatt PDF ) - ATMEL Corporation

Teilenummer 89C55
Beschreibung 8-Bit Microcontroller with 20K Bytes Flash
Hersteller ATMEL Corporation
Logo ATMEL Corporation Logo 

Gesamt 24 Seiten
		
89C55 Datasheet, Funktion
AT89C55
Features
Compatible with MCS-51™ Products
20K Bytes of In-System Reprogrammable Flash Memory
– Endurance: 1,000 Write/Erase Cycles
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz
Three-Level Program Memory Lock
256 x 8-bit Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
Three 16-bit Timer/Counters
Eight Interrupt Sources
Low Power Idle and Power Down Modes
Description
The AT89C55 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 20K
bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory. The device is manu-
factured using Atmel’s high density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible
with the industry standard 80C51 instruction set and pinout. The on-chip Flash allows
the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile
memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic
chip, the Atmel AT89C55 is a powerful microcomputer which provides a highly flexible
and cost effective solution to many embedded control applications.
(continued)
Pin Configurations
PDIP
8-Bit
Microcontroller
with 20K Bytes
Flash
AT89C55
PQFP/TQFP
PLCC
0580D-A–12/97
4-169






89C55 Datasheet, Funktion
Table 2. T2CON—Timer/Counter 2 Control Register
T2CON Address = 0C8H
Bit Addressable
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
Bit 7 6 5
TCLK
4
EXEN2
3
Reset Value = 0000 0000B
TR2
C/T2
CP/RL2
210
Symbol
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2
CP/RL2
Function
Timer 2 overflow flag set by a Timer 2 overflow and must be cleared by software. TF2 will not be set when either RCLK
= 1 or TCLK = 1.
Timer 2 external flag set when either a capture or reload is caused by a negative transition on T2EX and EXEN2 = 1.
When Timer 2 interrupt is enabled, EXF2 = 1 will cause the CPU to vector to the Timer 2 interrupt routine. EXF2 must
be cleared by software. EXF2 does not cause an interrupt in up/down counter mode (DCEN = 1).
Receive clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its receive clock in serial port
Modes 1 and 3. RCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflow to be used for the receive clock.
Transmit clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its transmit clock in serial
port Modes 1 and 3. TCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflows to be used for the transmit clock.
Timer 2 external enable. When set, allows a capture or reload to occur as a result of a negative transition on T2EX if
Timer 2 is not being used to clock the serial port. EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore events at T2EX.
Start/Stop control for Timer 2. TR2 = 1 starts the timer.
Timer or counter select for Timer 2. C/T2 = 0 for timer function. C/T2 = 1 for external event counter (falling edge
triggered).
Capture/Reload select. CP/RL2 = 1 causes captures to occur on negative transitions at T2EX if EXEN2 = 1. CP/RL2 =
0 causes automatic reloads to occur when Timer 2 overflows or negative transitions occur at T2EX when EXEN2 = 1.
When either RCLK or TCLK = 1, this bit is ignored and the timer is forced to auto-reload on Timer 2 overflow.
4-174 AT89C55

6 Page







89C55 pdf, datenblatt
the Timer 2 flag, TF2, is set at S2P2 and is polled in the
same cycle in which the timer overflows. For further infor-
mation, see the Microcontroller Data Book, section titled
“Interrupts.”
Figure 7. Oscillator Connections
Oscillator Characteristics
XTAL1 and XTAL2 are the input and output, respectively,
of an inverting amplifier that can be configured for use as
an on-chip oscillator, as shown in Figure 7. Either a quartz
crystal or ceramic resonator may be used. To drive the
device from an external clock source, XTAL2 should be left
unconnected while XTAL1 is driven, as shown in Figure 8.
There are no requirements on the duty cycle of the external
clock signal, since the input to the internal clocking circuitry
is through a divide-by-two flip-flop, but minimum and maxi-
mum voltage high and low time specifications must be
observed.
Idle Mode
In idle mode, the CPU puts itself to sleep while all the on-
chip peripherals remain active. The mode is invoked by
software. The content of the on-chip RAM and all the spe-
cial functions registers remain unchanged during this
mode. The idle mode can be terminated by any enabled
interrupt or by a hardware reset.
Note that when idle mode is terminated by a hardware
reset, the device normally resumes program execution
from where it left off, up to two machine cycles before the
internal reset algorithm takes control. On-chip hardware
inhibits access to internal RAM in this event, but access to
the port pins is not inhibited. To eliminate the possibility of
an unexpected write to a port pin when idle mode is termi-
nated by a reset, the instruction following the one that
invokes idle mode should not write to a port pin or to exter-
nal memory.
Note: C1,C2 = ± 30 pF for Crystals
= ± 40 pF for Ceramic Resonators
Figure 8. External Clock Drive Configuration
Status of External Pins During Idle and Power Down Modes
Mode
Idle
Idle
Power Down
Power Down
Program Memory
Internal
External
Internal
External
ALE
1
1
0
0
PSEN
1
1
0
0
PORT0
Data
Float
Data
Float
PORT1
Data
Data
Data
Data
PORT2
Data
Address
Data
Data
PORT3
Data
Data
Data
Data
4-180 AT89C55

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