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83C451 Schematic ( Datenblatt PDF ) - NXP

Teilenummer 83C451
Beschreibung 80C51 8-bit microcontroller family 4K/128 OTP/ROM/ROMless/ expanded I/O
Hersteller NXP
Logo NXP Logo 

Gesamt 22 Seiten
		
83C451 Datasheet, Funktion
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
80C451/83C451/87C451
80C51 8-bit microcontroller family
4K/128 OTP/ROM/ROMless, expanded I/O
Product specification
Supersedes data of 1998 Jan 19
IC20 Data Handbook
1998 May 01
Philips
Semiconductors






83C451 Datasheet, Funktion
Philips Semiconductors
80C51 8-bit microcontroller family
4K/128 OTP/ROM/ROMless, expanded I/O
Product specification
80C451/83C451/87C451
I/O Port Structure
The 8XC451 has a total of seven parallel I/O ports. The first four
ports, P0 through P3, are identical in function to those present on
the 80C51 family. The added ports 4 and 5 are identical in function
to port 1; that is, they are standard quasi-bidirectional ports with no
alternate functions and the standard output drive characteristics.
Port 6 is a specialized 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal
pullups.
Ports 4 and 5
Ports 4 and 5 are bidirectional I/O ports with internal pull-ups. Port 4
is an 8-bit port. Port 4 and port 5 pins with ones written to them, are
pulled high by the internal pull-ups, and in that state can be used as
inputs. Port 4 and 5 are addressed at the special function register
addresses shown in Table 1.
Port 6
Port 6 is a special 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups
(see Figure 1). This special port can sink/source three LS TTL
inputs and drive CMOS inputs without external pullups. The flexibility
of this port facilitates high-speed parallel data communications. This
port can be used as a standard I/O port, or in strobed modes of
operation in conjunction with four special control lines: ODS, IDS,
AFLAG, and BFLAG. Port 6 operating modes are controlled by the
port 6 control status register (CSR). Port 6 and the CSR are
addressed at the special function register addresses shown in Table
1. The following four control pins are used in conjunction with port 6:
ODS – Output data strobe (Active Low) for port 6. ODS can be
programmed to control the port 6 output drivers and the output
buffer full flag (OBF), or to clear only the OBF flag bit in the CSR
(output-always mode). ODS is active low for output driver control.
the OBF flag can be programmed to be cleared on the negative or
positive edge of ODS.
IDS – Input data strobe (Active Low) for port 6. IDS is used to
control the port 6 input latch and input buffer full flag (IBF) bit in the
CSR. The input data latch can be programmed to be transparent
when IDS is low and latched on the positive transition of IDS, or to
latch only on the positive transition of IDS. Correspondingly, the IBF
flag is set on the negative or positive transition of IDS.
BFLAG – BFLAG is a bidirectional I/O pin which can be
programmed to be an output, set high or low under program control,
or to output the state of the input buffer full flag. BFLAG can also be
programmed to input an enable signal for port 6. When BFLAG is
used as an enable input, port 6 output drivers are in the
high-impedance state, and the input latch does not respond to the
IDS strobe when BFLAG is high. Both features are enabled when
BFLAG is low. This feature facilitates the use of the SC8XC451 in
bused multiprocessor systems.
AFLAG – AFLAG is a bidirectional I/O pin which can be
programmed to be an output set high or low under program control,
or to output the state of the output buffer full flag. AFLAG can also
be programmed to be an input which selects whether the contents of
the output buffer, or the contents of the port 6 control status register
will output on port 6. This feature grants complete port 6 status to
external devices.
Port 6 can be used in a number of different ways to facilitate data
communication. It can be used as a processor bus interface, as a
standard quasi-bidirectional I/O port, or as a parallel printer port
(either polled or interrupt driven).
Processor Bus Interface
Port 6 allows the use of an 8XC451 as an element on a
microprocessor type bus. The host processor could be a general
purpose MPU or the data bus of a microcontroller like the 8XC451
itself. Setting up the 8XC451 as a processor bus interface allows
single or multiple microcontrollers to be used on a bus as flexible
peripheral processing elements. Applications can include: keyboard
scanners, serial I/O controllers, servo controllers, etc.
On reset, port 6 is programmed correctly (that is, Special Function
registers CSR and P6) for use as a bus interface. This prevents the
interface from disrupting data on the bus of a host processor during
power-up.
Standard Quasi-bidirectional I/O Port
To use port 6 as a common I/O port, all of the control pins should be
tied to ground. On hardware reset, bits 2-7 of the CSR are set to
one. With the control pins grounded, the port’s operation and
electrical characteristics will be identical to port 1 on the 80C51. No
further software initialization is required.
Parallel Printer Port
The 8XC451 has the capacity to permit all of the intelligent features
of a common printer to be handled by a single chip. The features of
port 6 allow a parallel port to be designed with only line driving and
receiving chips required as additional hardware. The onboard UART
allows RS232 interfacing with only level shifting chips added. The
8-bit parallel ports 0 to 6 are ample to drive onboard control
functions, even when ports are used for external memory access,
interrupts, and other functions. The RAM addressing ability of ports
0 to 2 can be used to address up to 64k bytes of a hardware
buffer/spooler.
In addition, either end of a parallel interface can be implemented
using port 6, and the interfaces can be interrupt driven or polled in
either case. For more detailed information on port 6 usage, refer to
the application notes entitled “80C451 Operation of Port 6” and
“256k Centronics Printer Buffer Using the SC87C451
Microcontroller.”
CONTROL STATUS REGISTER
The control status register (CSR) establishes the mode of operation
for port 6 and indicates the current status of port 6 I/O registers. All
control status register bits can be read and written by the CPU,
except bits 0 and 1, which are read only. Reset writes ones to bits 2
through 7, and writes zeros to bits 0 and 1 (see Table 3).
CSR.0 Input Buffer Full Flag (IBF) (Read Only) – The IBF bit is
set to a logic 1 when port 6 data is loaded into the input buffer under
control of IDS. This can occur on the negative or positive edge of
IDS, as determined by CSR.2 IBF is cleared when the CPU reads
the input buffer register.
CSR.1 Output Buffer Full Flag (OBF) (Read Only) – The OBF flag
is set to a logic 1 when the CPU writes to the port 6 output data
buffer. OBF is cleared by the positive or negative edge of ODS, as
determined by CSR.3.
CSR.2 IDS Mode Select (IDSM) – When CSR.2 = 0, a low-to-high
transition on the IDS pin sets the IBF flag. The Port 6 input buffer is
loaded on the IDS positive edge. When CSR.2 = 1, a high-to-low
transition on the IDS pin sets the IBF flag. Port 6 input buffer is
transparent when IDS is low, and latched when IDS is high.
1998 May 01
6

6 Page







83C451 pdf, datenblatt
Philips Semiconductors
80C51 8-bit microcontroller family
4K/128 OTP/ROM/ROMless, expanded I/O
Product specification
80C451/83C451/87C451
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS1 (continued)
Tamb = 0°C to +70°C, VCC = 5V ±10%, VSS = 0V (87C451, 83C451, 80C451)2
12MHz CLOCK
VARIABLE CLOCK
SYMBOL FIGURE
PARAMETER
MIN MAX
MIN
MAX
Port 6 input (input rise and fall times = 5ns)
tFLFH
tILIH
tDVIH
tIHDX
tIVFV
Port 6 output
8
8
8
8
9
PE width
IDS width
Data setup to IDS high or PE high
Data hold after IDS high or PE high
IDS to BFLAG (IBF) delay
270 3tCLCL+20
270 3tCLCL+20
00
30 30
130
130
tOLOH
6
tFVDV
7
tOLDV
6
tOHDZ
6
tOVFV
6
tFLDV
6
tOHFH
7
External Clock
ODS width
SEL to data out delay
ODS to data out delay
ODS to data float delay
ODS to AFLAG (OBF) delay
PE to data out delay
ODS to AFLAG (SEL) delay
270 3tCLCL+20
85
80
35
100
120
100 100
85
80
35
100
120
tCHCX
10 High time
20 20
tCLCX
10 Low time
20 20
tCLCH
10 Rise time
20
tCHCL
10 Fall time
20
NOTES:
1. Parameters are valid over operating temperature range unless otherwise specified.
2. Load capacitance for port 0, ALE, and PSEN = 100pF, load capacitance for all other outputs = 80pF.
20
20
UNIT
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
1998 May 01
12

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